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PORTLAND, August, 2004 -"I came to Canada, I saw all these beautiful natural
resources," the 90-year-old man said, leaning on his cane and gesturing
towards the sparkling lake. "I wanted to do something to protect them."
Retired University of Toronto professor Alfred Bernhart, described as a
"philosopher-engineer" by his son Bernie, takes pride in his latest
brainchild, a "waste water garden" that uses human waste to grow green
Bernhart has been working on the recycling of sewage since he was a
graduate student in his native Austria in the
1940s. He coined the word "evapotranspiration" for the system. The
theory was refined by David Del Porto, a Boston-area engineer who has
designed hundreds of wastewater gardens in the United States, but this
is the first of its type in Canada.
The garden is at the Centre for Sustainable Watersheds in Portland,
south of Ottawa.
It stands a few feet from Big Rideau Lake, full of boaters travelling
the Rideau Canal, in the middle of cottage country. Reducing pollution
is the demonstration project's main goal.
It's an experiment aimed at three-season cottagers, said project manager
Michael Minthorn. But as large "monster homes" spread through the area,
it could be upgraded to all-year use, Minthorn explained.
In a conventional septic system, the "black water" - sewage water
carrying solids - goes into a concrete septic tank. The solids settle
and are filtered out. Then the "grey water," the sewage without solids,
leaches out through a field bed, a network of pipes buried in layers of
sand, gravel and rock. From there, the water eventually ends up in the
soil and groundwater, where it can carry e. coli bacteria, drugs and
hormones from human waste as well as pollutants such as heavy metals
into the environment.
In the waste water garden, however, the whole field bed sits in a layer
of plastic that leaves the grey water nowhere to go but up through the
plants, which filter and evaporate it.
Even organic material, which leaches out to groundwater and eventually
causes algae on ponds and lakes in regular septic systems, is used by
the plants to grow.
Del Porto uses vines such as wild grapes and Virginia creepers, because
they're "like long pipes" with roots that grow many feet in the ground
and suck up litres of water each day. The plants should be monitored to
see they are getting he right amount of water, but Del Porto said it
takes no more work than an average garden.
Because of the risk of e. coli and other
contamination, no food plants are used in the bed, but ornamentals such
as cedars and flowers work fine.
The project looks like a hydroponic garden - a field of sand about 18 by
30 feet, with plants poking out of them.
A translucent roof over the growing area sheds rainwater away from the
beds, since the plants are supposed to filter and evaporate the grey
The system, which has been built as a demonstration model to show
cottagers how it could work for them, now serves two cottage country
office buildings with about 27 users, looking after all the wastewater.
It doesn't need soil to absorb grey water, meaning it can be built on
land not suitable for an ordinary septic system. Although targeted at
cottages, it could be used year-round if an insulated greenhouse was
built for the plants.
Cost of the system could run from $15,000 to $25,000 for an average
Eric Draper, of Portland, who built the system, said that it cost about
10 to 15 per cent more than regular septic systems.
There's no need to dig up and replace the field bed every 30 years
because the bed would not form an impermeable layer around the pipes as
conventional beds eventually do. The diffusion pipes can be flushed out
with a hose without digging them up.
Minthorn said that cottagers could avoid using a septic tank and having
to pump it out every three years by using composting toilets that hold
the solids for composting, producing grey water that would go out to the
The project was built with local municipal approval and conforms to the
Ontario Building Code, but anyone interested in using this system should
check with their local municipality before building.
For more information, visit www.watershed.ca.
Don Cherry playing John Simcoe at Trinity Church, Wolfe Island
Wolfe Island, Aug 20 2004 - Don Cherry made his stage debut in a costume that made his regular sports jacket look conservative.
"How do I say this? Arkigological??", Cherry asked a reporter before he went on stage in a humble church hall on Wolfe Island. Cherry descended from his pickup truck wearing a white wig, three-corner hat, full length riding boots and a flaming red 18th Century British soldier's jacket.
A few days before, Cherry had been driving past the Anglican church that he attends when he's at his home on Wolfe Island, a large island near Kingston, Ontario, Cherry's birthplace.
Cherry saw three women rehearsing the opera and stopped to talk to him.
They were Augusta Cecconi-Bates, the Opera's author and keyboard player, flutist Carrie Wyatt and singer Rhona Gale, who are the only musicians the show had. They immediately told him "It's an opera - and we need you to be MC" Wyatt said. "He said 'What am I doing Friday?' and 'What do I have to do?'".
Everyone on the island knows Cherry, who often walks his fullblood Staffordshire terrier, one of the breeds that are called "pit bulls", along the narrow roads and shoreline.
Cherry, who's been appearing on national TV for years, said he was nervous before he walked out in front of the stage to an audience of about 150 people, many retired cottagers with their grandchildren mixed in. The tiny stage had a backdrop of brown wrapping paper, and was decorated with hand-knitted afghans.
Cherry was dressed as a "Royal Yorkers", an American regiment that stayed loyal to the British during the revolutionary war in 1776, and settled in Canada after they lost the war.
Cherry introduced the opera "Molly Brant", about a Mohawk clan mother who married an English official and brought the Yorkers and other loyalists to Canada after they lost the war.
Cherry introduced the author and players, and told Brant's story, reading in his familiar gravelly voice from a hand lettered script that did not save him from constantly mispronouncing archeology.
Cherry said he took the role to promote knowledge of Canada's history.
"99 out of 100 kids in school in Canada don't know who Molly Brant is, in the States they know George Washington, Benedict Arnold - We got the best country in the world, and we don't teach our history!"
Cherry knows a good deal about local history, and remembered that Stan Jonathan, one of his players with the Bruins, was a Tuscarora Indian, one of the other members of the Six Nations Confederacy the Mohawks are a part of. "I asked him if he was a hunter - he said 'No, I'm a warrior'!" Cherry said.
Cherry said that he doubted next season would be cancelled because of a strike. "I don't think the owners are dumb enough - I don't think the players are dumb enough" because a strike would kill a few of the weaker franchises, but thought the season might be delayed til January.
Asked whether he'd want to pursue a career as a actor, he said "Not if I gotta say "Archeological" again!"